Permanent residency in Canada, why is it difficult only for me? -Learn through new programs introduced in 2020

캐나다 영주권, 나에게만 어려운 이유는? -2020년에 새로 도입되는 프로그램을 통하여 알아보기

He enrolled in an ESL course and entered the country with a student visa to educate his children or to experience Canada for 1-2 years. are commonly seen around. Also, before leaving Korea, I hurriedly left Korea with vague thoughts and expectations such as “if I just graduate from school in Canada, permanent residency will be resolved somehow” without accurate verification, only listening to acquaintances, study abroad agents, or immigration officials, but when I came to Canada, I was living. Bonnie Graduating from school does not guarantee permanent residency, and Canadians also face the big challenge of finding a job.

Canada's economic immigration programs can be divided into two broad categories: “Federal Program” and “Provincial Government Program”. The federal immigration program applies the same across Canada regardless of location, so of course you can apply from any location. However, state government programs are permanent residency programs conducted by each state, and the requirements for each state are inevitably different. In general, you can apply for a job offer from an employer in the state or if you are already working on a work visa. The provincial immigration program has the purpose of promoting the even development of the region and actively attracting the talents that the state prefers. In this regard, state immigration programs are becoming increasingly diverse and increasing in capacity.

The biggest difference between the federal immigration program and the state immigration program is that the state immigration program requires significantly lower levels of qualifications in terms of English, academic background, experience, and age than the federal immigration program. Therefore, provincial immigration is suitable for most people, unless your conditions are significantly above average. Therefore, in order to apply for state immigration, it is a very important factor to decide where you are located or where you will proceed with permanent residency in the future.

The Canadian government has achieved its target of 330,800 new immigrants in 2019, and plans to increase the number of new immigrants by about 10,000 annually in the future, and to accommodate 350,000 new immigrants in 2021. As mentioned earlier, the Canadian government aims to increase the population and revitalize the economy through the even development of the country and immigration. However, since immigrants who settle through state immigration programs also have a clear preference for large cities, it is expected that more immigration programs specialized for these places will be implemented in the future, even to manage marginalized small towns or outlying areas.

Representatively, there is the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program (Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program, hereinafter referred to as RNIP), which was unveiled last year and will be implemented in earnest this year. RNIP is currently the only federal program in Canada that operates on a community basis across Canada. It recruits applicants by selecting positions and employers by community so that communities that meet the qualifications can apply to the Federal Citizenship and Immigration Service to participate in the program and recruit the talent they need. It can be said that it is a very new concept compared to the existing federal immigration programs that all apply the same criteria collectively.

With the trend of gradually shifting program operations from the Commonwealth to the provinces and from provinces to smaller communities, Immigration Canada has more autonomy to develop the overall framework and the details to attract the talent each region needs and prefers. You can see the direction of the policy you want to grant. This is also evident in the Municipal Nominee Program (hereinafter referred to as MNP), which the Liberal Party of Canada has pledged. MNP is literally an immigration program in which the unit of program operation is the local government. Canada's land area is the second largest in the world, so there is a problem that provincial immigration programs do not sufficiently meet the detailed needs of each region. So now you can see that we are trying to implement a program to complement this on a municipal level. Specific regulations and qualifications have not yet been announced, but as it is modeled after the RNIP, it is expected that the annual quota will also be able to accommodate about 5,000 cases.

The Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program (Atlantic Immigration Temporary Program, hereinafter AIPP), which was temporarily conducted for the development of the Eastern Atlantic region of Canada, has been successfully implemented for the past three years and is expected to continue until 2021 with an additional two-year extension. In general, the qualifications required for RNIP and AIPP are not difficult and the processing period is short, attracting a lot of attention from those who are thinking of immigrating to Canada. However, unlike the early stage of AIPP implementation, there are restrictions on programs that can be applied, and the procedure for verifying overseas experience is becoming more difficult, resulting in longer processing times. Through this, it can be seen that most immigration programs require application at the beginning of implementation to make the screening process quicker and less cumbersome. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the RNIP and MNP that will be implemented in 2020.

There are more than 80 economic immigration programs in Canada, and they will become more segmented and diversified in the future. Also, as we have seen, “region” will be more emphasized in the future. Depending on where you are, there may be several programs that are more suitable and more likely to be available. Therefore, if you think that permanent residency will be difficult where you are currently located, you should quickly find an area where advantageous and suitable programs are available and consult with experts to seriously consider moving.

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